Exit strategies are targeted at individuals who are (or are thought to be) affiliated with or associated with violent extremist ideologies or groups. These approaches involve setting up programmes of de-radicalisation or disengagement aimed at re-integrating violent extremists (de-radicalisation) or at least dissuading them from violence (disengagement). To prevent recidivism and facilitate rehabilitation, these programmes operate alongside whole-of-society counter-radicalisation efforts.

The process of de-radicalisation or disengagement includes behaviour and cognitive aspects such as beliefs. Disengagement refers to a behavioural change, such as leaving a group or changing one’s role within it. Such processes can be undertaken through specific programmes and can be delivered across a range of environments including at the individual and collective level.

The RAN’s collection of exit strategies provides an overview of 21 EU Member States’ de-radicalisation and disengagement programmes and explores their sustainability and transferability.

Working in exit programmes implies having to deal with very different kinds of individuals and institutions as well as legal, ethical, and organisational frameworks. Leading an exit programme therefore requires very diverse competences and personal qualities. Check the practical guidelines on the management of exit programmes, also provided by RAN.

Source: RAN